TOP research: Deradicalization; Religious education; Islamophobia

Here we have collected for you research in English devoted to the problems of religious education; Islamophobia; the relationship between state and religion; prevention of extremism and radicalism; the influence of social networks on the spread of extremism and radicalism among young people.

In this report, the Bulan Institute has not limited itself to conducting only an analysis of the state of Islamic religious education in the Republic, but also raises the problem of integration and proper interaction of secular and religious entities. It must be respectively noted that, for the first time since independence, the Kyrgyz government has finally started to pay attention to the problems of religious education in the country. A working group, established by the Kyrgyz government, has developed a «Concept for Reforming Religious Education in Kyrgyzstan» and made public discussions. This concept is aimed at bringing all religious educational institutions of the country in line with state standards qualifications. In addition, the document aims to support the initiative to introduce secular subjects in the religious curriculum and raise the issue of the need for mandatory education along with religious and secular education by students who are enrolled in these schools.

Jihadist menace is perceived by public opinions as one of the main threats states are facing with. In order to deal with such a threat as well as with the increasing public concern about it, governments have developed various Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) campaigns which include, among others, measures targeting the use of cyberspace by violent radical Islamist insurgents’.

Presentations of the international forum “Preventing violent extremism and the role of media” organized by Internews in the framework of the project “Promoting stability and peace in Central Asia” with the support of the EU and in cooperation with the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic and the State Commission for Religious Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic held December 6-8, 2018 in Bishkek.

This report analyzes security issues in the Central Asian region. It is the Institute’s first such report in English that is devoted to the whole region. The Bulan Institute has previously published five reports focused on security issues in Kyrgyzstan.Two of these addressed the issue of Islamic religious education in Kyrgyzstan, analyzing the current state of Islamic universities and madrasas. The second report was devoted to exploring how Kyrgyz citizens get Islamic religious education abroad, and analyzed Islamic religious education institutions in countries such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and Turkey.

This report – Information Flows and Radicalization Leading to Violent Extremism in Central Asia – emerged from our project with Internews “Contributing to stability and peace in Central Asia through media literacy, improved reporting and regional cooperation.” The project is focused on national and regional efforts to prevent radicalization in Central Asia through increasing the capacity of journalists, civic activists, and media professionals in the production of high-quality media content and raising the level of critical media consumption of representatives of civil society, decision-makers, and the public. This study aimed to identify and analyze the local drivers of extremist sympathies, the pertinent information flows, the trusted sources of information; and the support needed to amplify respected, moderate local voices.

This case study was carried out in the framework of the Social Media for Deradicalization in Kyrgyzstan: A Model for Central Asia 12-month pilot project, funded by the U.S. State Department Counterterrorism Bureau in October 2016. It was self-initiated by the pilot’s two team members: the coordinator and monitoring and evaluation specialist. The goal of the study had been to identify the key factors for successful P/CVE campaigning via social media and share those with other global P/CVE practitioners. This work is unique and a pioneer attempt to conduct a baseline assessment of the challenges and opportunities in conducting social media campaigns to counter violent extremism.

This report shows the role of social media and mobile applications as a means of disseminating and consuming radical ideologies and narratives in the Kyrgyz Republic. The research employs a qualitative approach and focuses on eight districts, identified as the most susceptible areas of recruitment into violent extremist groups. The data, obtained through interviews with a randomized sample of young people, has helped to extract clear descriptions of meanings, messages, and images that are attractive to young people and can contribute to their radicalization.

This report consists of findings from an evaluation of the project “Reducing Violent Religious Extremism and Promoting Peace in Kyrgyzstan and Central Asia’. Funded by UK Government, the project started on 1 April 2015 and completed its first yearly cycle on 31 March 2016. The project was implemented in Kyrgyzstan as well as Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan. The project aimed at “increasing collaboration across various dividing lines through common ground policy making, religious tolerance, and community resilience”. The evaluation found that the project has helped build awareness among participants and communities on issues around radicalization, extremism, and the psychology of joining extremist groups. The project has also built relationships with key stakeholders as well as between the local community and law enforcement agencies, religious leaders, and key stakeholders. By creating a level playing field among diverse groups of stakeholders, the project has provided exposure to women and youth. The dialogue platform generated by this project in Kyrgyzstan and in Central Asia has immense value for the future of this region.

This archive contains the following documents:
– Report: Kyrgyz militants in foreign terrorist organizations (Russian)
– Report: Strengthening the capacity to prevent violent extremism in the Kyrgyz Republic (English, Russian)
– Report: Islam 2040 Strategic Matrix (English, Russian)
– Study: Researches around the issue of violent extremism and radicalization (English)
– Baseline Assessment Report: Strengthening the capacity to prevent violent extremism in the Kyrgyz Republic (English)
– Normative legal procedures for the registration of religious organizations and the examination of
religious materials (Kyrgyz)
– The registration of religious materials and examination of legal and regulatory procedures (Kyrgyz)
– Report: Radicalization of the Population in Osh, Jalal-Abad and Batken Oblasts: Factors, Types, and Risk Groups (English)

These archives contain the following documents:
– Report: Central Asia Amidst Global Threats (Russian, English)
– Field Study: “Hizb ut-Tahrir” in Kyrgyzstan: Conditions and Trends”(Russian, English)
– Baseline Research: The Situation of Religious and Violent Extremism in Central Asia (English)/

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